All Information About GATE IN
Instrumentation Engineering GATE Exam

Through this article, you’ll get a complete understanding about the GATE exam. You’ll learn about the GATE eligibility criteria, syllabus, weightage of subjects, the paper pattern and reference books. We’ll also tell you how to get access to Free Test Series and Online Coaching. So keep reading!

GATE IN (Instrumentation Engineering) Exam 2022 Syllabus, Subjects, Weightage, Paper Pattern, Reference Books, Free Test Series, Online Coaching

All Information About GATE IN

The GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) is an All India level exam conducted by IISc-Bangalore and the Seven old IITs i.e. IIT Roorkee, IIT Delhi, IIT Guwahati, IIT Kanpur, IIT Kharagpur, IIT Madras and IIT Bombay. It’s goal is to test the technical aptitude of engineers. GATE 2022 is being conducted by IIT Kharagpur.

The exam is a computer based online exam. It is conducted on the second or third weekend of February each year across multiple cities and candidates will either take the paper in the forenoon (9:30 am – 12:30 pm) slot or in the afternoon (2:30 pm – 5:30 pm) slot. Once a student takes the GATE, their score is valid for 3 years.

Advantages of IN GATE Exam 2022

Each year, approximately 1.5 lakh students appear for the GATE exam from the CS & IT stream. The reason for this is that preparing for GATE offers multiple advantage. By cracking the GATE students get the following opportunities / advantages:

  1. Admission to premier institutes for M.Tech / M.S. / M.E. Degrees :

    Cracking the GATE is a pre-requisite to pursue a masters degree from premier institutes like IISc, the IITs and the NITs. A post graduate degree from these institutes leads to a better chance of placement into top companies like Google, Microsoft, Samsung, CISCO etc. Additionally, these programs are cheap as they are subsidized by the Indian government.

    What’s more is that students who pursue their degree from these institutes are eligible for a monthly scholarship of Rs 12,400. This means that earning a degree from these institutes is practically!
  2. Admission to management programs :

    Several IIMs and other top institutes like XLRI and MDI allow students to enrol for their management programs based on their GATE score. Students can apply for the fellowship program in management at these institutes.
  3. Admission to interdisciplinary programs :

    NITIE (National Institute for Industrial Engineering), Mumbai offers interdisciplinary post graduate programs like the PGDIE (Post Graduate Diploma in Industrial Engineering) and the PGDIM (Post Graduate Degree in Industrial Management).

    These programs train students in technology as well as management. Students who graduate from NITIE are recruited by companies like Amazon and could be offered a salary of upto Rs 40 lakhs per annum.
  4. M.S / M.Tech Programs abroad :

    Top universities like National University of Singapore (World Rank 11), Nanyang Technical University (World Rank 13) and the Technical University of Munich (World Rank 50) accept admissions for their Masters programs through the GATE.
  5. Jobs at Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) :

    PSUs are companies that are owned by the Indian Government. More than 50 PSUs recruit students through the GATE exam for technical roles. Starting salaries can range from Rs 6 lakhs per annum to Rs 14 lakhs per annum.

    Apart from this, employees get several additional benefits like housing allowance, travel allowance, medical insurance coverage etc. Finally, these companies offer jobs that are stable and those who join a PSU often work in the same organization for their entire career.
  6. Jobs in the Private Sector :

    Seven lakh engineers graduate every year in India. Not all get placed in companies as the number of vacancies in companies each year is much lower. In such a scenario, those who qualify the GATE exam (score around 25 – 30 out of 100) differentiate themselves from other engineers.

    Companies are more likely to select such students as qualifying GATE is proof that an engineer is technically sound. Additionally, merely preparing for GATE helps students to get placed as the questions asked by companies in their interviews closely resembles the questions asked in the GATE.

GATE IN (Instrumentation Engineering) Eligibility Criteria 2022

Anyone in the pre-final year of their undergraduate program or higher can take the GATE. So final year students and graduates can take the exam too. Further, there is no age limit to taking the GATE exam and there is no restriction on how many times a student can take the GATE exam. For more detailed information about the eligibility criteria, click here: - GATE IN (Instrumentation Engineering) Eligibility

GATE IN (Instrumentation Engineering) Syllabus Weightage 2022

GATE IN (Instrumentation Engineering) Branch Syllabus 2022 - Exam subjects and subjectwise wightage

The GATE syllabus is a combination of the subjects taught in the third and final year of engineering. The detailed syllabus and weightage of each subject is as under:

Subjects Details
Engineering Mathematics
  1. Linear Algebra :

    Matrix algebra, systems of linear equations, Eigen values and Eigen vectors.
  2. Calculus :

    Mean value theorems, theorems of integral calculus, partial derivatives, maxima and minima, multiple integrals, Fourier series, vector identities, line, surface and volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Green’s theorems.
  3. Differential equations :

    First order equation (linear and nonlinear), higher order linear differential equations with constant coefficients, method of variation of parameters, Cauchy’s and Euler’s equations, initial and boundary value problems, solution of partial differential equations: variable separable method.
  4. Analysis of complex variables :

    Analytic functions, Cauchy’s integral theorem and integral formula, Taylor’s and Laurent’s series, residue theorem, solution of integrals.
  5. Probability and Statistics :

    Sampling theorems, conditional probability, mean, median, mode and standard deviation, random variables, discrete and continuous distributions: normal, Poisson and binomial distributions.
  6. Numerical Methods :

    Matrix inversion, solutions of non-linear algebraic equations, iterative methods for solving differential equations, numerical integration, regression and correlation analysis.
Electrical Circuits
  • Voltage and current sources: independent, dependent, ideal and practical; v-i relationships of resistor, inductor, mutual inductor and capacitor; transient analysis of RLC circuits with dc excitation. Kirchoff’s laws, mesh and nodal analysis, superposition, Thevenin, Norton, maximum power transfer and reciprocity theorems. Peak-, average- and rms values of ac quantities; apparent-, active- and reactive powers; phasor analysis, impedance and admittance; series and parallel resonance, locus diagrams, realization of basic filters with R, L and C elements. One-port and two-port networks, driving point impedance and admittance, open-, and short circuit parameters.
Signals and Systems
  • Periodic, aperiodic and impulse signals; Laplace, Fourier and z-transforms; transfer function, frequency response of first and second order linear time invariant systems, impulse response of systems; convolution, correlation. Discrete time system: impulse response, frequency response, pulse transfer function; DFT and FFT; basics of IIR and FIR filters.
Control Systems
  • Feedback principles, signal flow graphs, transient response, steady-state-errors, Bode plot, phase and gain margins, Routh and Nyquist criteria, root loci, design of lead, lag and lead-lag compensators, state-space representation of systems; time-delay systems; mechanical, hydraulic and pneumatic system components, synchro pair, servo and stepper motors, servo valves; on-off, P, P-I, P-I-D, cascade, feedforward, and ratio controllers.
Analog Electronics
  • Characteristics and applications of diode, Zener diode, BJT and MOSFET; small signal analysis of transistor circuits, feedback amplifiers. Characteristics of operational amplifiers; applications of opamps: difference amplifier, adder, subtractor, integrator, differentiator, instrumentation amplifier, precision rectifier, active filters and other circuits. Oscillators, signal generators, voltage controlled oscillators and phase locked loop.
Digital Electronics
  • Combinational logic circuits, minimization of Boolean functions. IC families: TTL and CMOS. Arithmetic circuits, comparators, Schmitt trigger, multi-vibrators, sequential circuits, flipflops, shift registers, timers and counters; sample-and-hold circuit, multiplexer, analog-todigital (successive approximation, integrating, flash and sigma-delta) and digital-toanalog converters (weighted R, R-2R ladder and current steering logic). Characteristics of ADC and DAC (resolution, quantization, significant bits, conversion/settling time); basics of number systems, 8-bit microprocessor and microcontroller: applications, memory and input-output interfacing; basics of data acquisition systems.
Measurements
  • SI units, systematic and random errors in measurement, expression of uncertainty – accuracy and precision index, propagation of errors. PMMC, MI and dynamometer type instruments; dc potentiometer; bridges for measurement of R, L and C, Q-meter. Measurement of voltage, current and power in single and three phase circuits; ac and dc current probes; true rms meters, voltage and current scaling, instrument transformers, timer/counter, time, phase and frequency measurements, digital voltmeter, digital multimeter; oscilloscope, shielding and grounding.
Sensors and Industrial Instrumentation
  • Resistive-, capacitive-, inductive-, piezoelectric-, Hall effect sensors and associated signal conditioning circuits; transducers for industrial instrumentation: displacement (linear and angular), velocity, acceleration, force, torque, vibration, shock, pressure (including low pressure), flow (differential pressure, variable area, electromagnetic, ultrasonic, turbine and open channel flow meters) temperature (thermocouple, bolometer, RTD (3/4 wire), thermistor, pyrometer and semiconductor); liquid level, pH, conductivity and viscosity measurement.
Communication and Optical Instrumentation
  • Amplitude- and frequency modulation and demodulation; Shannon’s sampling theorem, pulse code modulation; frequency and time division multiplexing, amplitude-, phase-, frequency-, pulse shift keying for digital modulation; optical sources and detectors: LED, laser, photo-diode, light dependent resistor and their characteristics; interferometer: applications in metrology; basics of fiber optic sensing.

GATE 2022 Question Design

As discussed briefly above, the GATE question paper is designed to test a student’s technical aptitude. Thus, succeeding in GATE is based on a students’ understanding about engineering concepts. Specifically, the questions are designed to test the following abilities:

  1. Recall: These are based on facts, principles, formulae or laws in the discipline of the paper. The candidate is expected to be able to obtain the answer either from his/her memory of the subject or at most from a one-line computation.
  2. Example: Q. During machining, maximum heat is produced
    A. in flank face B. in rake face
    C. in shear zone D. due to friction between chip and tool
  3. Comprehension: These questions will test the candidate’s understanding of the basics of his/her field, by requiring him/her to draw simple conclusions from fundamental ideas.
  4. Example Q. A DC motor requires a starter in order to
    A. develop a starting torque B. compensate for auxiliary field ampere turns
    C. limit armature current at starting D. provide regenerative braking
  5. Application: In these questions, the candidate is expected to apply his/her knowledge either through computation or by logical reasoning.
  6. Example Q. The sequent depth ratio of a hydraulic jump in a rectangular channel is 16.48. The Froude number at the beginning of the jump is:
    A. 5.0 B. 8.0
    C. 10.0 D. 12.0
  7. Analysis and Synthesis: In these questions, the candidate is presented with data, diagrams, images, etc. that require analysis before a question can be answered. A Synthesis question might require the candidate to compare two or more pieces of information. Questions in this category could, for example, involve candidates in recognizing unstated assumptions, or separating useful information from irrelevant information.

The above questions may be a mix of single standalone statement / phrase / data type questions, combination of option codes type questions or match items type questions.

GATE IN (Instrumentation Engineering) Paper Pattern 2022

GATE IN (Instrumentation Engineering) Exam Question Paper Pattern 2022 - Exam subjects and subjectwise wightage

Students must answer questions from the following sections in the GATE:

Section Questions Weightage
General Aptitude 10 15
Technical Subjects 55 85
Total 65 100

No question is compulsory. The 65 questions in the paper will be from any type below:

Question Type Description Negative Marking
MCQ - Multiple Choice Questions Each question has 4 answer options and 1 is correct. 0.33 for 1 Mark Questions
0.66 for 2 Mark Questions
MSQ - Multi Select Question Each question has 4 answer options and one or more than 1 will be correct. Students are awarded 0 marks if they select a partially right combination of answers or if they select even one option that isn’t correct. None
NAT - Numerical Answer Type These questions will have no answer options. Students must calculate the answer and fill the blank in the question. None

Students have 180 minutes (3 hours) to solve the paper. That’s around 2.77 minutes per question.

GATE IN (Instrumentation Engineering) Exam Reference Books 2022

Best GATE IN (Instrumentation Engineering) Exam Preparation Reference Books for 2022 - Subjectwise

To crack the GATE you must study from the best resources. Apart from Vidyalankar’s study material set we recommend that students study from the following books:

Subjects Book Name Author
Electronics & Electrical Measurements Electronics & Electrical Measurements A.K. Sahany
Mechanical Measurements Mechanical Measurements D.S. Kumar
Digital Communication Digital Communication B.P. Lathi, Maurice Mano
Electronic Devices Electronic Devices B.N. Statemen
Digital Signal Processing Digital Signal Processing Shepar
Analog Electronics Analog Electronics TMH Publications
Controls Controls Manke, Nagraj & Ogata
Electrical Networks Electrical Networks M.E.Van.Valkenburg

GATE IN (Instrumentation Engineering) Exam Preparation Tips 2022

GATE IN (Instrumentation Engineering) Exam Preparation Tips for 2022

Here are a list of tips that students find useful while preparing for GATE. We’ve curated this list by talking to several of our GATE toppers and faculty.

  1. Make a timetable and stick to it. If you are preparing for GATE 2022 then you need to spend at least 6 hours a day studying. If you are preparing for GATE 22, then 3 hours per day will be enough at this point.
  2. General Aptitude (GA) and Engineering Mathematics have the highest weightage. While GA has 15 marks of weightage, Maths is usually asked for 11 – 13 marks. So practice questions from these subjects every day.
  3. Study the subjects that have higher weightage first. To check the weightage of each subject, refer to the table in the syllabus and weightage section of this article.
  4. Of the technical subjects, Digital Logic, Databases and Operating Systems are relatively simpler. So do focus on these subjects to improve your performance.
  5. Study from reference books. The list of reference books is in the reference books section of this article.
  6. Get into the habit of creating notes for each subject. The act of writing down what you’ve learnt improves understanding and memory. Additionally, as the GATE comes closer, you’ll have your own set of notes to refer from instead of going through entire books. This will save you a lot of time during revision.
  7. Solve and analyse at least 10 mock tests. This is the single most important thing you can do to improve your performance.
  8. Solve the last 10 years GATE question papers (in addition to the mock tests mentioned above). This will give you an understanding of the level of difficulty of the GATE. Doing this will help you understand your current level of preparation.
  9. To crack the GATE you need to remember concepts from multiple subjects. The best way to do this is through regular revision. So after you finish a subject – do keep revising it along with studying new ones.
  10. Set aside at least 1 month for revision of the entire syllabus before the GATE exam.

GATE IN (Instrumentation Engineering) Free Mock Test 2022

Vidyalankar is providing students with 5 free mock tests for GATE 2022. These tests are on a platform that are like the GATE and the tests are designed by past GATE paper setters and are vetted by rankers. Fill this lead form below to get access to the tests or Click on this Link - Free Mock Test for GATE IN (Instrumentation Engineering) 2022

Steps to Access GATE Mock Test 2022

  1. Download our new Android app from Google Playstore GATE Exam Preparation - Vidyalankar Infinite. It will take only 2 mins.
  2. Sign up with your mobile number
  3. Select subject and start Free GATE Mock Test 2022 Online practise immediately


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