GATE v/s IES

30 Jun 2021
Difference Between GATE & IES

GATE v/s IES - Fifteen lakh engineers are graduating every year in India. Engineering still holds the place of the most preferred professional course among the youth. Both Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) and Indian Engineering Services (IES) / Engineering Services Examination (ESE) is much-admired and well-known among the engineers. The opportunities both GATE & IES bring to the table are incredible.

ies vs gate

GATE v/s IES - Difference Between GATE & IES

GATE IES

What are these exams for GATE v/s IES ?

Engineers mainly opt for GATE if they want to peruse postgraduation in India, i.e. MTech, Ph.D., or management programs from the premium colleges like 23 IITs, 31 NITs, and other reputed colleges like IISc Bangalore, IIITs, BITS Pilani, and VIT Vellore. Many PSUs use the GATE score to be the primary criteria for initial shortlisting. Some of the Major PSUs that did their recruitment based on the GATE 2020 Score are BHEL, GAIL, HAL, IOCL, ONGC, NTPC, NPCIL, PGCI, etc. Whereas, IES is opted for by the students who want to work as a Class-I post officer for the central government. IES scores are accepted by many government services like the Indian Railways Service, Indian Defense Services, Indian Naval Armament Services, Indian Telecommunication Services, Indian Ordnance Factories Services, and the Central Water Engineering and Central Power Engineering Service.

Who Conducts these exams GATE v/s IES ?

GATE is conducted jointly by the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) Bangalore and seven Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) at Bombay, Delhi, Guwahati, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Madras, and Roorkee on behalf of National Coordination Board - GATE, Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Education, Government of India. The union government selects IES Officers with the recommendation of the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). The Engineering Services Examination (ESE), is conducted by the UPSC for recruitment to the Engineering Service.

What’s in the Syllabus GATE v/s IES ?

At present, the GATE is conducted in 27 disciplines. The syllabus for GATE consists of General Aptitude, Engineering Mathematics & Core Technical Subjects from the second and third year of engineering of the selected domain. Engineering Services examination consists of three stages: Preliminary, Main, Personality test. In the Preliminary exam, there will be two papers; Paper-I will be on General Studies and Engineering Aptitude. Paper-II will be of Selected discipline. (Civil, Mechanical, Electrical & Electronics, and Telecommunication engineering.)

What’s the paper pattern GATE v/s IES ?

GATE is a 100-mark paper with 65 questions. Candidates get three hours to answer these questions. Some of these questions will be for one mark and others for two marks. These questions can be either Numerical type questions, Multiple choice questions, or multiple select questions. GATE does have a negative marking of 0.33% for every wrong answer. So, if you answer a one mark question incorrectly, you’ll get -0.33, and for two marks question, you’ll get a -0.66. IES exam has three stages.
  • Stage 1: IES Preliminary exam. It has two objective papers with a total of 500 marks. Paper 1 is General Studies & Engineering Aptitude (100 questions for 200 marks), and Paper 2 is the selected Engineering Discipline (150 questions for 300 marks). Candidates must clear the overall cutoff as well as the cutoff of both the papers separately to qualify for the exam. For each wrong answer, one-third mark is deducted.
  • Stage 2: IES Main Exam. Only candidates qualifying in prelims will be eligible to appear in this stage. It has two descriptive papers of 300 marks each. Both papers will have questions from the opted Engineering discipline. There will be no negative marking in this exam. Up to 5% marks may be deducted in case of illegible handwriting.
  • Stage 3: Personal Interview or Personality Test is the final stage of the IES exam. It is of 200 marks.

Who can appear for these exams GATE v/s IES ?

Eligibility criteria for GATE: B.E./B.Tech/B.Pharm/B.Arch/B.Sc students need to be currently in the 3rd year or higher grade or already completed. Candidates with qualifications obtained through examinations conducted by professional societies recognized by UGC/AICTE. There is no age limit. Eligibility criteria for IES: Resident of India, Nepal, Bhutan, or a Tibetan refugee can apply for IES. Candidate must hold a bachelor’s degree in the field of engineering from a recognized University and IES Age limit: 21-30 years as of January 01, 2020.

Which of these exams is more difficult GATE v/s IES ?

GATE is much more challenging and critical than the IES exam. You need to apply multiple concepts to solve a question that is asked. Students need to invest a lot of time effort to solve GATE questions. Most of the questions that are asked in the IES exam can be solved by using a single formula or concept. However, the competition level for IES is much more stringent than the GATE exam. Only 450 – 550 vacancies are up for grabs every year. Because of the broader syllabus and the exam pattern, only a few can secure good ranks in the IES.

What should be your strategy GATE v/s IES ?

As we know the mode of examination for both these exams are different, the approach should be different too. Although the syllabus must be similar for GATE candidates must be well versed with the virtual calculator to avoid any blunders in the D-day. It is highly recommended that one enrolls in an excellent online test series for good practice for the exam. Practice questions for IES prelims without using a calculator from the start and with the help of OMR sheets. Joining an offline test series for each stage of the exam adds to the practice and prepares an aspirant best for the exam day.

GATE pattern and IES pattern are both the same in the sense that both require the same amount of effort, hard work, and determination to crack these exams. Both exams embrace you with a chunk of opportunities. If you follow a smart and robust strategy, then you can crack both the exams with flying colors. Based on your interest, skills, capabilities, and proficiencies, take a wise decision, and follow that.

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